MERGE research areas
MERGE is organised around research areas that collectively underpin a cohesive interdisciplinary research environment.
The MERGE research areas are:
- Development, modelling and evaluation of climate-vegetation processes (RA1)
- Past variations in climate and vegetation (RA2)
- Vegetation, emissions and particles (RA3)
- Advanced statistics for model evaluation, simulation set-up and analysis (RA4)
The common goal is to increase knowledge about climate, in particular with respect to the atmosphere and the land surface including vegetation and ecosystems. The climate we have today is affected by the interplay between all these elements, which is important in a changing climate. Changes in temperature and precipitation affect land-based ecosystems, and these changes in the ecosystems then in turn affect climate change via bio(geo)physical and bio(geo)chemical feedbacks.
In addition, emissions and other effects from land use and land-use change are part of the anthropogenic effect on the climate. Results of the few climate models that already consider these links show the importance of taking them into account when developing climate scenarios and climate effect studies.