MERGE is organised around research areas that collectively underpin a cohesive interdisciplinary research environment.
The MERGE research areas are:
- Development, modelling and evaluation of climate-vegetation processes (RA1)
- Past variations in climate and vegetation (RA2)
- Vegetation, emissions and particles (RA3)
- Advanced statistics for model evaluation, simulation set-up and analysis (RA4)
MERGE research and relevance to climate change challenges
The issues addressed within MERGE are of the highest relevance to the society faced with the challenge of the ongoing climate change. Among other things, MERGE highlights how vegetation responds to variations and changes in climate, and how the emissions of biogenic volatile hydrocarbons from vegetation are affected and these in turn affect the amount of particles and cloud formation in the atmosphere. This is an important part of the characterization and quantification of climate change and underpins mitigation and adaptation strategies.
MERGE research questions
- How sensitive is the global climate system to emissions and land use change?
- How does Earth System feedback modify the global, regional and local climate response?
- Can remaining uncertainties on climate sensitivity be further reduced?