Advanced statistics for model evaluation, simulation set-up and analysis (RA4)
Environmental modelling and monitoring produces very large datasets of past, present and potential future climate and vegetation. The data, obtained from historic records and present day monitoring equipment as well as from earth system models (link to RA1) include such diverse things as ordinary weather data (e.g. temperature and precipitation), atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (e.g. CO2 and methane), land use, vegetation health, and many other measurements of important processes.
Land reconstructions by using historic pollen records
A recent example is ongoing work with RA2 to analys historic pollen records. Since earth system models are developed and evaluated based, partially, on historic data our ability to accurately describe past land-cover and human land use (i.e. farming) is important. Based on pollen records from lake sediments we can reconstruct the amount of land that, 200 years ago, was covered by coniferous forest, broadleaved forest or left unforested. However, these reconstructions are only possible around suitable lakes and the resulting maps provide only, as illustrated, a fragmented record of past land cover.
Using statistical methods for spatial interpolation developed by Behnaz Pirzamanbein we are able to expand on these patchy measurements. The result is a coherent estimate of past land cover over all of North West Europe. An estimate that can be used both in the development and validation of regional earth system models, and to help us understand how past humans, through agriculture, may have affected regional climate.
- Article on spatial and spatio-temporal datasets: An explicit link between Gaussian fields and Gaussian Markov random fields: the stochastic partial differential equation approach
Authors: Finn Lindgren, Håvard Rue and Johan Lindström
- Article on statistical methods to analys environmental data: Fast estimation of spatially dependent temporal vegetation trends using Gaussian Markov random fields
Authors: David Bolin, Johan Lindström, Lars Eklundh and Finn Lindgren
johan.lindstrom [at] matstat.lu.se